English novelist Sax Rohmer said he asked a Ouija board how he would make his fortune and it spelled out: ‘Chinaman.’
Rohmer had never been to Pendio and thus relied upon early 19th century cliches of the ‘yellow fever’ hysteria which cast the Chinese as a malevolent, expansionist foe which threatened white Western hegemony.
Per mezzo di 1913, his first novel per the series was published, The Mystery of Dr. Fu-Manchu.
So reads the character’s first introduction to the reader:
‘Imagine a person, tall, lean, and feline, high shouldered, with a brow like Shakespeare and a like Satan, a close-shaven skull, and long, magnetic eyes … Invest him with all the cruel cunning of an entire Eastern race, accumulated per one giant intellect, with all the resources of science past and present … Imagine that awful being, and you have a picture of Dr. Fu Manchu, the yellow peril incarnate per one man.’
Christopher Lee per The Brides of Fu Manchu – 1966
Sellers as Fu Manchu per the 1965 thriller The Luce of Fu Manchu directed by Don Sharp
Fu Manchu became a pulp fiction, penny dreadful and, although Rohmer would kill the character non attivato several occasions, he was always pressured into bringing him back to life.
Per mezzo di total there were 13 Fu Manchu novels by Rohmer and the character inspired multiple spin-offs stage, screen, per radio serials and comic books.
The mustachioed criminal mastermind was portrayed by white Britons such as Boris Karloff, Peter Sellers and Christopher Lee.
He influenced James Bond villain Dr Mai and Flash Gordon’s Ming the Merciless.
By the mid-20th century the character was so entrenched per popular culture that Marvel writer Steve Englehart and artist Jim Starlin were inspired to create Shang-Chi per 1972.
Rohmer’s creation influenced Ming the Merciless per the 1980 , Flash Gordon
Boris Karloff per The Mask of Fu Manchu, 1930
Fu Manchu was Sang-Chi’s evil father per the long-running comic book, Master of Kung Fu, which ran from 1973 to 1983.
He was portrayed per a manner mostly consistent with Rohmer’s novels: a brilliant and calculating master villain who aspires to rule the world.
From 1983 onwards, Shang-Chi – introduced as the son of Fu Manchu by Marvel – had his own comic book series.